Class System: a system in which the distribution of scarce resources and rewards are determined on the basis of achieved statuses. It is the existence of this principle alone that justifies translating Varna dharma as caste- system instead of class-system. Social stratification can be defined as a system in which groups of people are divided into layers according to their relative property, power, and prestige. Name and describe the two basic types of stratification systems. In some so-called closed societies, an … Closed Stratification System. When we look around the world and through history, we see different types of stratification systems. These systems vary on their degree of vertical mobility, or the chances of rising up or falling down the stratification ladder. The special features of the Indian caste system, which distinguishes the Indian variety from other similar systems of social stratification, consists in this hereditary principle. The main types of social stratification include slavery, caste, estate, and class. Slavery refers to the aspect that people can own other people. The term “stratification system” refers to the complex of social institutions that generate observed inequalities of this sort. Achieved status can be linked to this system. The United States exhibits an open stratification system, where individuals can move between social statuses based on achievement. For comparison, let's now imagine that you are born into the most rigid years of India's caste system. It is a system which has given power to an individual based on his/her birth. A group of people with similar levels of wealth, power, and prestige. There are two types of stratification systems: ascription-based and achievement-based. Closed System; It is a system in which stratification is done based on parental influence, or say the position of parents in the society. There’s four major systems that makes up social stratification slavery, caste, estate, and class. Social stratification can affect the way people interpret life. Open System; It is a system in which stratification is done based on merit. This system can be linked with Ascribed status. The difference between these types of class systems are their structural mobility. Slavery is, of course, when certain individuals own other people and employ them to perform duties for them. Caste System: a system in which scarce resources and social rewards are distributed on the basis of ascribed statuses.