However, diseases and insect infestations are rarely fatal to the horse chestnut tree. The tree is weak-wooded and often breaks under heavy snow, ice or extremely windy conditions. It was introduced in 1576. However, it tolerates a wide variety of soils --- including alkaline --- and grows well in a city setting, provided the earth is moist and well-drained. The growth rate of the horse chestnut tree (Aesculus hippocastanum) is considered to be of medium speed which, according to the Arbor Day Foundation, denotes a tree that grows between 13 and 24 inches annually. Leaf spot, leaf blotch and powdery mildew diseases commonly affect the tree, as does anthracnose and leaf scorch. The horse chestnut eventually achieves a height ranging between 50 and 75 feet in landscape settings, although it may stretch to 100 feet in the wild, with a canopy spread of 40 to 70 feet. Yields a light brown, spiny fruit 2–2¼" in diameter that contains 1 (sometimes 2) blackish, nut-like seed. As they grow to a mature age, specimens will exfoliate and display an orange bark. Large groves can also be found in Bulgaria. Plant in moist, well-drained soil. Grows 50'-75' high, with a 40'-70' spread. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in September. Tolerates many soil types. Develops exfoliating bark as it gets older, with outer bark peeling away to reveal orange bark underneath. The horsechestnut grows to a height of 50–75' and a spread of 40–70' at maturity. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The growth rate of the horse chestnut tree (Aesculus hippocastanum) is considered to be of medium speed which, according to the Arbor Day Foundation, denotes a tree that grows between 13 and 24 inches annually. Upright-oval rounded form with lower branches hanging down. It does not thrive in especially warm or temperate locales, although the tree should receive a mixture of full sunshine and partial shade. The leaves of this tree are light green, eventually turning darker with maturity. Aesculus hippocastanum is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 15 m (49ft) at a fast rate. The leaves of this tree are light green, eventually turning darker with maturity. The horsechestnut can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–7. Leaves are light green as they unfold, emerging dark green at maturity. Features palmately compound leaves with 5-7 obovate leaflets that are 4–10" long and doubly serrated on the margins. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. It features a spreading canopy capable of blocking sunlight and adds visual interest and beauty to landscaping. The seeds are a food source for squirrels and deer. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! All Rights Reserved. ... Like many trees, propagating horse chestnut trees will require time and patience. Prominent white flowers are the chief ornamental feature of the horse chestnut tree, a species that enjoys life in the suburbs and whose root system makes it ideal for planting along streets, A moderate grower, this specimen can survive in a variety of conditions, although it drops fruit that may be a bit of an annoyance. The horse chestnut grows to an upright and oval, rounded form with hanging, lower branches. The growth rate of the horse chestnut tree (Aesculus hippocastanum) is considered to be of medium speed which, according to the Arbor Day Foundation, denotes a tree that grows between 13 and 24 inches annually. University of Florida IFAS Extension: Aesculus hippocastanum: Horsechestnut; Edward F. Gilman, et al. Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Produces beautiful, 5–12" oblong clusters of white flowers with a blotch of color their base that starts yellow and ends reddish. However, it tolerates a wide variety of soils --- including alkaline --- and grows well in a city setting, provided the earth is moist and well-drained. Mark Bingaman has entertained and informed listeners as a radio personality and director of programming at stations across the U.S. A recognized expert in the integration of broadcast media with new media, he served as associate editor and director of Internet development for two industry trade publications, "Radio Ink" and "Streaming Magazine." It can be accomplished either by seed or through cuttings. This tree is considered both a shade tree and an ornamental tree. It does not thrive in especially warm or temperate locales, although the tree should receive a mixture of full sunshine and partial shade. Bark exfoliates on older specimens exposing orange bark underneath. Full sun or partial shade. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier.