Japanese words for flame include 火炎, 炎, 火, 火焔, 焔, 火気, 燃す, 焼け付く, 焼ける and 炎光. Well as it turns out, there are actually two! More Japanese words for dragon. [4], Susanoo slaying the Yamata no Orochi, by Kuniteru. Media related to Tatsu at Wikimedia Commons So let’s start with the word that will be super easy to remember. They are usually benevolent, associated with water, and may grant wishes. Ryūjin shinkō 竜神信仰 "dragon god faith" is a form of Shinto religious belief that worships dragons as water kami. Yahoo is part of Verizon Media. Some translations are suggestions for synonyms or otherwise close words if no direct translation exists. The great earthquake of 1185 was attributed to vengeful Heike spirits, specifically the dragon powers of Antoku. "In the oldest annals the dragons are mentioned in various ways," explains de Visser,[1] "but mostly as water-gods, serpent- or dragon-shaped." Kirin – The Japanese version of the Qilin of China, which is part dragon and part deer with antlers, fish scales and an ox's tail. During World War II, the Japanese military named many armaments after Chinese dragons. The Kōryū 蛟竜 < jiaolong 蛟龍 "flood dragon" was a midget submarine and the Shinryū 神竜 < shenlong 神龍 "spirit dragon" was a rocket kamikaze aircraft. Find more Japanese words at wordhippo.com! Dragon of Japanese mythology, and the master of the water, like the Ryu. Coincidentally, the Dragon Division was annihilated in the Chinese town of Longling (龍陵), whose name means "Dragon's Tomb". Itsukushima Shrine on Miyajima or Itsukushima Island in Japan's Inland Sea was believed to be the abode of the sea-god Ryūjin's daughter. What's the Japanese word for dragon? The dragon dancers twist and turn within the temple grounds and outside on the streets. When Antoku drowned himself after being defeated in the 1185 Battle of Dan-no-ura, he lost the imperial Kusanagi sword (which legendarily came from the tail of the Yamata no Orochi] dragon) back into the sea. Japanese words for "dragon" are written with kanji ("Chinese characters"), either simplified shinjitai 竜 or traditional kyūjitai 龍 from Chinese long 龍. It is connected with agricultural rituals, rain prayers, and the success[citation needed] of fisherman. Temple names, like Japanese toponyms, frequently involve dragons. These kanji can be read tatsu in native Japanese kun'yomi and ryū or ryō in Sino-Japanese on'yomi. 竜means 'dragon' in Japanese. The Kojiki and Nihongi mention several ancient dragons: Chinese dragon mythology is central to Japanese dragons. Media related to Japanese dragons at Wikimedia Commons, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Dragon Festival for rainmaking in Nio, Japan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Japanese_dragon&oldid=985422832, Articles lacking in-text citations from April 2009, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 21:31. For instance, the Rinzai sect has Tenryū-ji 天龍寺 "Heavenly Dragon Temple", Ryūtaku-ji 龍沢寺 "Dragon Swamp Temple", Ryōan-ji 竜安寺 "Dragon Peace Temple". 火竜(Ka Ryu) means 'fire drake'. Ryūjin, the dragon god of the sea in Japanese mythology. The other ryu 龍 also means dragon but it's more often used when referring to the Chinese dragon. According to legend,[3] when the Hōkō-ji 法興寺 or Asuka-dera 飛鳥寺 Buddhist temple was dedicated at Nara in 596, "a purple cloud descended from the sky and covered the pagoda as well as the Buddha hall; then the cloud became five-coloured and assumed the shape of a dragon or phoenix". Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. Kitsunebi – Flames created by the Kitsune. The c. 680 AD Kojiki and the c. 720 AD Nihongi mytho-histories have the first Japanese textual references to dragons. Doragon. Chinese dragon mythology is central to Japanese dragons. These kanji can be read tatsu in native Japanese kun'yomi and ryū or ryō in Sino-Japanese on'yomi. We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. De Visser[2] lists accounts for Shitennō-ji in Osaka, Gogen Temple in Hakone, Kanagawa, and the shrine on Mount Haku where the Genpei Jōsuiki records that a Zen priest saw a 9-headed dragon transform into the goddess Kannon. Japanese dragons are mostly associated with Shinto shrines as well as some Buddhist temples. Read on to learn the different words for dragon, and also the two different kanji that can be used. In the present day, the Lake Saiko Dragon Shrine at Fujiyoshida, Yamanashi has an annual festival and fireworks show. Namiko Abe is a Japanese language teacher and translator, as well as a Japanese calligraphy expert.