Order of Infixes etc. ( Log Out / The noun class markers, with completed pronoun, for each class are as follows: *The -po marker is also used for time, as in “when” something did or will happen yeye: ha ja fika: He has not arrived (yet). These are used on a daily basis, so don't skip this lesson. We use direct object infixes when the direct object of the sentence is clear from the context. Menu . Now we will discuss the possessive pronoun also called possessive determiners which is very straight forward and self explanatory. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar.That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. In the sentence “I throw the ball,” the ball is the direct object. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. If someone else receives you there, you could ask that person, “Juma yupo?” If Juma is there, the person would respond with a simple, “Yupo”—he is here. ), and inside/within (the book is inside the bag!). When constructing relative clauses in this tense, we have to use the long form pronoun: Tunakula ndizi ambazo zimeiva vizuri: We are eating bananas which have ripened well, Watoto ambao wameenda shuleni wamesoma sayansi: Children who have gone to school have studied science. In the sentence, “I throw the ball to John,” John is the indirect object of the sentence. Vikundi hivi vimekuwepo kwa muda mrefu: These groups have been here for a long time. T: Tense Marker Prefix. R: Relative Object Infix. Hela imo mfukoni: The money is in the pocket. You finished your 8th lesson in Swahili about the pronouns, and travel expressions. Like all other noun classes, these locative classes have their own set of prefixes, suffixes, and infixes by which they modify other parts of speech. wewe: hu ja fika: You have not arrived (yet). ( Log Out / Swahili Verb Construction. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Verbal. We start with the object pronounssuch as "I, you, her ..." I: Mimi. Nina mashamba matatu (I have 3 shambas) vs Tunaenda shambani sasa (We are going to the shamba now). Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. More importantly, the OM occurs with non-specific objects in definite contexts. Bound forms (verb prefixes), personal and non-personal. [1st pl. subject prefix – tense sign – relative – object infix – verb stem – end of verb (for derivates etc) S-T-R-O-V-E I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. ninyi: ham ja fika: You all have not arrived (yet). This includes subject, object, and the possessive. ). This is a list of pronouns in Swahili. If there is an lesson you should NOT skip, this would be one of them. sisi: hatu ja fika: We have not arrived (yet). O: Direct Object Infix. Pronouns are a must to learn because they are part of almost every sentence. Swahili Grammar. These two possibilities may be disambiguated by placing the pronoun after the verb: nina wa ona ninyi / wao . Each order of location (general, specific, within) actually has its own noun class. Thus far, we’ve focused only on the S, T, V, and E components of STROVE. English Pronouns Swahili Pronouns; Pronouns: Viwakilishi: I: mimi: you: wewe: he: yeye: she: yeye: we: sisi: they: wao: me: mimi: you: wewe: him: yeye: her: yeye: us: sisi: them: wao: my: yangu: your: yako: his: yake: her: yeye: our: yetu: their: yao: mine: yangu: yours: yako: his: … For example, you might go visit Juma at his home, office, or shamba. For nouns that cannot take the suffix “-ni” we use the modifer kwenye to turn those nouns into locations. The direct object of a sentence is the thing to which a verb gets done. Enjoy! I will give you money [2nd object pronoun] nitakupa fedha : she wrote him a letter [3rd object pronoun] alimwandikia barua : they visited her yesterday [3rd object pronoun] walienda kwake jana : can she help us? This holds true for all noun classes and each of the location types. To negate locatives, we simply attach the negative prefix “ha-” to the subject prefix, just as we do when negating regular verbs. Note: Occasionally you’ll see or hear people use the other locative prefixes with “-enye” to describe more specific or internal places. The Object infixes for each noun class are as follows: “Je, utavuna mahindi leo?” “Ndiyo, tutayavuna:” Will you harvest maize today? If we are feeling concise, though, we can use the relative infix within (most) conjugated verbs to create a relative clause, rather that using the relative pronoun. If you memorize them by heart, you will be able to get around the country and ask for directions much easier than if you did not. If you donate to us, we will put the donated money into improving the site even more by adding content and services. Swahili verbs always carry with them the subject (and sometimes the object) and the tense. Object Pronouns in Swahili Now we will discuss the possessive pronoun also called possessive determiners which is very straight forward and self explanatory. The personal pronoun object infixes are as follows: Some examples of the pronoun prefixes in use: Nitamfundisha Kiswahili: I will teach her Swahili, Aliniuliza maswali machache tu: He asked me just few questions, Hatutawapa mbegu mpya: We will not give them new seeds. Are you ready for the next lesson? This article examines the role of object marking in relation to definiteness and specificity in Swahili.